Amphetamines are central nervous system (CNS) stimulants prescribed for the treatment of:
Hyperactivity, e.g. ADHD.
For example, two common CNS stimulants, Adderall and Ritalin, are prescribed for hyperactivity disorders and narcolepsy, but are commonly abused.
Amphetamines are often abused for their ability to suppress appetite and stave off fatigue. In fact, many people who begin taking amphetamines to lose weight or stay awake, for example to study, get caught in the web of use and abuse.
Amphetamines like Ritalin and Adderall are often referred to by young people as “smart drugs” or “study drugs” for their perceived ability to help students focus.
However, any immediate benefit is counteracted by long-term dangers, e.g., many theorize that these drugs harm a developing brain’s ability to learn and memorize information in the long-term.