What Is Methadone?
Methadone is one of a handful of drugs approved for used in the pharmaceutical treatment of opioid addiction and dependence. If someone has an addiction to heroin, morphine, or prescription painkillers, they may be prescribed methadone to manage the addiction. There are three main reasons why methadone is a valuable tool in opioid recovery.
- It is effective when taken orally.
- It has a long duration of action.
- It continues to work even when taken over a long period of time.
Problems may arise when people abuse methadone without a prescription or in combination with other opioids, benzodiazepines or alcohol.
methadone overdose can be fatal, especially in a child or other person using the medicine without a prescription. Overdose symptoms may include slow breathing and heart rate, severe drowsiness, muscle weakness, cold and clammy skin, pinpoint pupils, and fainting.